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Yahoo hit in World's Biggest Data Breach

Yahoo reported the largest data breach in history - affecting at least 500 million user accounts - months after first detecting signs of an intrusion that the company blamed on "state-sponsored" hackers.
•    The Web giant called on customers to change their passwords and institute other protective measures, but the largest fallout could be for Yahoo itself. 
•    The long-faltering company this summer agreed to sell its core business for $4.8 billion to telecommunications giant Verizon in a deal now clouded by news of the massive breach. 
•    Verizon said it learned of the incident only "within the last two days."
•    Yahoo learned of the incident in July, the same month it announced its deal with Verizon, a person familiar with the matter said, speaking on condition of anonymity to freely discuss the issue.
 

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Indian Origin Inventor Ramesh Raskar wins 2016 Lemelson-MIT Prize

Ramesh Raskar, 46, an Indian-origin scientist has bagged the Lemelson-MIT Prize worth $500,000 for his groundbreaking inventions. 
•    Raskar told MIT News that he has plans to use a portion of the prize money to launch a new effort using peer-to-peer invention.
•    Nasik-born Ramesh Raskar, 46, an Indian-origin scientist has bagged the Lemelson-MIT Prize worth $500,000 for his groundbreaking inventions to create solutions to improve lives globally. 
•    He is the founder of the Camera Culture research group at the MIT Media Lab and an Associate Professor of Media Arts and Sciences.
•    He has more than 75 patents to his name
•    He has written more than 120 reviewed publications
•    He is the co-inventor of radical imaging solutions including femto-photography, an ultra-fast imaging system that can see around corners
•    He has developed low-cost eye-care solutions for the developing world
•    He has also invented a camera that allows users to read pages of a book without opening the cover

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August 2016 Warmest Month in History : NASA

August 2016 was the hottest month measured since contemporary records began in 1880, according to a NASA analysis. 
•    It was not only the hottest August ever, but also it ties July 2016 as the hottest month ever—an extraordinary occurrence.
•    In 2015, the hottest October ever took place, and it was followed by the hottest November ever, and then by the hottest December ever—and this sequence continued right up to the present.
•    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) keeps separate records, and its streak of record-breaking months stretches even further back in time: Every month since May 2015 has been the hottest version of that month ever, according to the agency. 
•    Second, August’s record essentially ensures that 2016 will be the warmest year on record. 
•    2016 could wind up being as much as 1 degree Celsius hotter than the pre-industrial temperature average. 
•    This is a stark accomplishment when you consider that the nations of the world committed last year to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial average. 
•    We are two-thirds of the way there already.
 

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Contract with ISA for Extraction of PMS Approved by Union Cabinet

The Union Cabinet on 12 September 2016 approved the extension of contract between Ministry of Earth Sciences and the International Seabed Authority (ISA) for exploration of Polymetallic Nodules.
The contract has been extended for a further period of 5 years (2017-2022). 
•    By extending the contract, India's exclusive rights for exploration of Polymetallic Nodules in the allotted Area in the Central Indian Ocean Basin will continue.
•    It will open up new opportunities for resources of commercial and strategic value in area beyond national jurisdiction.
•    At present, India has an area of 75000 sq.km. located about 2000 km away from her southern tip for exploration of Polymetallic nodules.
•    Polymetallic nodules are also known as manganese nodules.
•    Besides manganese and iron, they contain nickel, copper, cobalt, lead, molybdenum, cadmium, vanadium, titanium.
•    Out of the minerals found in it, nickel, cobalt and copper are considered to be of economic and strategic importance.

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World’s first daily driverless bus service launched in Lyon, France

The world’s first driverless bus service began carrying passengers in the first week of September 2016 in Lyon, France.
•    The buses include features like LiDAR radar technology and motion sensors to help it avoid collisions.
•    They’re equipped with a range of detectors that allow them to know exactly where they are.
•    It can hold up to 15 passengers.
•    The bus is designed by French company Navya.
•    The electric buses were tested in several French cites and in Switzerland before coming to Lyon.
•    They are also set to undergo trials in Dubai.
•    LiDAR is a surveying technology that measures distance by illuminating a target with a laser light.
•    It is sometimes considered an acronym of Light Detection and Ranging.
•    However, it was originally created as a portmanteau of light and radar.
•    It is popularly used as a technology to make high-resolution maps, with applications in geodesy, geomatics, archaeology, geography, geology, etc.

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India’s first LIGO laboratory to come up in Hingoli, Maharashtra

India’s first LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) laboratory will be set up in Aundh in Hingoli district of Maharashtra. 
•    It will be third such laboratory in the world and first outside the United States. 
•    The existing two laboratories are located in Hanford, Washington and in Livingston, Louisiana. 
•    The site at Aundh in Hingoli district has been chosen for carrying out experiments on the ambitious LIGO project that proved existence of gravitational waves. 
•    It was selected based on site researches conducted by scientists from Department of Science and Technology. 
•    The setup of LIGO-India laboratory will involve construction of 8 km-long beam tube at ultra- high vaccum on a levelled terrain. 
•    The Aundh site is suitable flat site for carrying out the experiments as the four kms strips require an unhindered straight and flat site for studying the lasers. 
•    The LIGO-India laboratory will help to bring considerable opportunities in cutting edge technology for Indian industries. 

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GSLV Puts Satellite in Precise Orbit

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) successfully launched advanced weather satellite, INSAT-3DR on 8 September 2016.
•    The advanced weather satellite was launched with the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F05), from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.
•    GSLV-F05, the tenth flight of India's GSLV, carried 2211 kg INSAT-3DR into a Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO). GSLV is designed to inject 2 - 2.5 ton class of satellites into GTO.
•    INSAT-3DR is an advanced meteorological satellite of India configured with an imaging System and an Atmospheric Sounder.
•    INSAT-3DR is an improved variant of INSAT-3D, the improvements incorporated includes
•    Imaging in Middle Infrared band to provide night time pictures of low clouds and fog
•    Imaging in two Thermal Infrared bands for estimation of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) with better accuracy
 

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Integration of Digi Locker with Driving Licenses & Vehicle Registration Certificates launched

Nitin Gadkari, Minister of Road Transport and Highways and Shipping, and Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister of Electronics and Information Technology and Law and Justice, on 7 September 2016 jointly launched Integration of DigiLocker with Driving Licenses (DL) & Vehicle Registration Certificates (RC) in New Delhi.
•    The new service will end the need of people carrying around physical copies of their RCs and DLs. 
•    They can instead access digital copies of the same on their mobile phones via the DigiLocker mobile app.
•    Driving Licenses and Vehicle Registration documents can now be issued directly to the DigiLockers of individuals in digital formats.
•    These digital copies can be shared with other departments as identity and address proof.
•    DigiLocker was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in July 2015.
•    It aims at transforming India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
•    It is a platform for issuance and verification of documents and certificates digitally.
•    DigiLocker currently has 2126332 registered users with 2411702 uploaded documents and has issued over 42673232 documents as on 1 September 2016.
 

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Indian Scientists Unlock Preterm Birth Mystery


Indian researchers have made a major discovery by understanding the mechanisms by which preterm births (between 28 and 32 weeks of gestation) occur. 
•    At 35 per cent, India accounts for the highest burden of preterm births in the world.
•    The researchers found for the first time that gram-positive Group B Streptococcus (GBS) bacteria produce small balloons called membrane vesicles, which contain toxins that kill both foetal and maternal cells and destroy the collagen that binds the cells together.
•    The team was led by Professor Anirban Banerjee from the Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, IIT Bombay, and Dr. Deepak Modi from Mumbai’s National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health. 
•    The results were published on September 1 in the journal PLOS Pathogens.
•    Group B Streptococcus (GBS) bacteria are normally found in human vagina and their numbers can shoot up in some pregnant women. 
•    The GBS bacteria have been associated with premature rupture of amniotic membrane and preterm birth.

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LG Builds World's Largest OLED Tunnel

LG has built the world's largest OLED tunnel at an industry meet in Berlin to mark the 50th anniversary of the first TV it produced. 
•    The record-breaking structure, which is 5m tall, 7.4m wide and 15m long, is made up of 216 separate 55-inch curved OLED displays. 
•    The 450-million pixel display showcases Aurora Borealis, underwater ecosystems and deep space footage.
•    LG Corporation is a South Korean multinational conglomerate corporation. 
•    It is the fourth-largest chaebol in South Korea. 
•    It is headquartered in the LG Twin Towers building in Yeouido-dong, Yeongdeungpo-gu, Seoul.
•    LG makes electronics, chemicals, and telecom products and operates subsidiaries such as LG Electronics, Zenith, LG Display, LG Uplus and LG Chem in over 80 countries.


 

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