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WHO certifies India Yaws, Maternal & Neonatal Tetanus free

India on 6 September 2016 received certificates from World Health Organization (WHO) recognizing the elimination of Yaws and Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus (MNT) from the country.
•    Yaws is a tropical infection of the skin, bones and joints caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum pertenue.
•    It is spread by direct contact with the fluid from a lesion of an infected person.
•    The disease is most common among children, who spread it by playing together.
•    The disease infects only humans.
•    Neonatal tetanus is a form of generalized tetanus that occurs in newborns.
•    Infants who have not acquired passive immunity from the mother having been immunized are at risk.
•    It usually occurs through infection of the unhealed umbilical stump, particularly when the stump is cut with a non-sterile instrument.
•    The disease mostly occurs in developing countries, particularly those with the least developed health infrastructure. It is rare in developed countries.

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